Argentina

Argentina Capital: Buenos Aires
Official Language: Spanish
Wikipedia Article

 

Introducing Argentina...

La Garganta del Diablo (Devil's Throat)

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, is constituted as a federation of 23 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires. With over a million square miles of territory, Argentina is the second largest country in South America, the eighth in the world by land area and the largest among Spanish-speaking nations. Argentine culture has significant European influences. As with other areas of new settlement such as Canada, Australia and the United States, Argentina is considered a country of immigrants. Most Argentineans are descended from colonial-era settlers and of the 19th and 20th century immigrants from Europe, and 86.4% of Argentina's population self-identify as European descent. An estimated 8% of the population is mestizo, and a further 4% of Argentines were of Arab or East Asian heritage.

Argentina, the country between the mountains of the Andes and the Atlantic Ocean, with its fantastic capital Buenos Aires, its Pampas and Gauchos, the famous wine of the Mendoza region and the Patagonian landscapes in the south, is a truly unique place to be in. The top 5 most impressive places one should not skip to see, whenever visiting the country are:

  1. Argentinan PatagoniaThe Iguaçu Waterfalls, with its main attraction, La Garganta del Diablo, (Devil's Throat).
  2. The bohemian quarter of San Telmo, the old colorful port area of La Boca in Buenos Aires (where tango was born),
  3. Definitely not to be missed is the Los Glacieres National Park. At the western end of Lago Argentino is the famous Perito Moreno glacier.
  4. The Lake District and its main city San Carlos de Bariloche.
  5. Ushuaia, the southernmost city of the world, which is situated between snow capped mountains and the Beagle channel.

Argentinean ParrilladaGastronomy

Besides many of the pasta, sausage and dessert dishes common to continental Europe, Argentines enjoy a wide variety of indigenous creations, which include empanadas (a stuffed pastry), locro (a mixture of corn, beans, meat, bacon, onion, and gourd), humitas and yerba mate, all originally indigenous Amerindian staples, the latter considered Argentina's national beverage. Other popular items include chorizo (a spicy sausage), facturas (Viennese-style pastry) and Dulce de Leche.

Furthermore the Argentine barbecue, (asado or parrillada), includes various types of meats, among them chorizo, sweetbread, chitterlings, and morcilla (blood sausage). The tastefulness of this Argentinean bbq therefore most definitely can be considered to be the reason that Argentineans have the highest consumption of red meat in the world.

Studying in Argentina

Magic colours of Perito Moreno GlacierAs in many Latin American countries, the Argentinean higher educational system is composed of public and private universities. Public education in Argentina is free. There are no entrance exams. Students simply enroll in the different undergraduate programs. At the University of Buenos Aires (UBA), however, students must pass a number of introductory courses before starting with their programs.

Argentina maintains a network of 39 National universities, financed by the Ministry of Education and is tuition-free, since 1946. In all, over 1.5 million students attend institutions of higher learning in Argentina, annually (roughly half the population of college age). Over the last few years, the private Argentinean system of higher education has experienced considerable growth. Nowadays students have a wide variety of options when choosing between public and private institutions. If you are in for a challenge and are considering to study in Argentina, the following links might be quite useful.

http://www.studyabroad.com/argentina.html
http://www.en.argentina.ar/_en/special/C951-study-in-argentina.php
http://www.argentine-embassy-uk.org/version%20ingles/information/infostudying.html

Funny and Interesting facts about Argentina

Mount Aconcagua

  • Argentina was one of the foremost countries to have radio broadcasting. The first relay was made on the 27th of August, 1920. Barely 20 people had a receiver at the time!
  • Argentina comes from the Latin term “argentum”, meaning “land of silver”.
  • Argentina has close affection for cinema. They have the highest rates of movie viewing in the world. They like watching both locally made movies and Hollywood flicks.
  • Mt. Aconcagua of Argentina is the tallest mountain in the whole of South America.
  • Argentina is renowned for its beef. A favorite cut is the “bife de chorizo”, served tender and juicy, but all cuts are of very high quality. Roasted over charcoal or wood, we also find “chorizo” (pork sausage), “molleja” (gizzard), “chinchulines” (tripe), riñones (kidneys) and “tripa gorda” (large intestine).
  • Yerba Mate DrinkThe hottest and coldest temperatures ever recorded in South America have occurred in Argentina.
  • Argentina is one of the largest producers of wines since the 16th century and has around 1800 wineries.
  • Roman Catholicism is the country´s formal religion. In fact, until 1994, the elected President of Argentina had to be Roman Catholic per law.
  • Mate is the traditional tea and drink of Argentina. Serving as the main social lubricant accompanying any good conversation. Enjoyment of mate (pronounced MAH-teh) dates back to the beginnings of the culture of the Guaraní people of Paraguay, northeastern Argentina and southern Brazil. It was a staple of this people, who consumed it as a drink, sipping it from a hollowed gourd through a reed straw. For the Guaraní, the yerba mate tree is the greatest of trees, a gift of the gods. To drink the sap of its leaves was to imbibe the very essence of the forest.